Suzhou, China, January 19th, 2022 - CStone Pharmaceuticals (“CStone”, HKEX: 2616), a leading biopharmaceutical company focused on research, development, and commercialization of innovative immuno-oncology therapies and precision medicines, today announced that the GEMSTONE-302 registrational clinical study of sugemalimab for the first-line treatment of metastatic (stage IV) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) met the overall survival (OS) endpoint. The results demonstrated that sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy showed statistically significant and clinically meaningful OS improvement in patients. Based on the previously reported impressive progression-free survival (PFS) data, the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) of China approved sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous and non-squamous NSCLC in December 2021. A detailed presentation of the OS analysis will be reported at an upcoming international academic conference.
Professor Caicun Zhou, Principal Investigator of the GEMSTONE-302 registrational clinical study of sugemalimab and Director of the Department of Oncology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, said, “Globally, the mortality of lung cancer ranks first among all malignant tumors. The goal of first-line treatment for advanced lung cancer is to maximally prolong survival benefits for patients and to delay disease progression. The prespecified OS analysis data further confirmed that sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy provided durable survival benefits to patients. Sugemalimab has the potential to reshape the first-line treatment landscape of advanced NSCLC and could become the preferred immune-oncology therapy for the treatment of advanced NSCLC.”
Dr. Jason Yang, Chief Medical Officer of CStone, said, “We’ve had exciting news about sugemalimab successively in recent days. After being approved in China last month and with the first batch of prescriptions issued recently, now the OS analysis of the GEMSTONE-302 study demonstrated that sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy brought significant improvement to the overall survival of patients even with high percentage of patients in the chemotherapy control group received subsequent PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, including crossover treatment based on the protocol design, after disease progression. As OS represents the gold standard efficacy endpoint in cancer clinical trials, the achievement of the OS endpoint further demonstrates the important value of sugemalimab in the first-line treatment of NSCLC. Sugemalimab is a PD-(L)1 monoclonal antibody addressing both stage III and stage IV NSCLC in all comer settings, and the new drug application of sugemalimab in stage III NSCLC is under regulatory review and a pivotal phase II trial just met its primary endpoint of overall response rate in patients with relapsed and refranctory natural killer/T-cell lymphoma. In addition, we are advancing the registrational studies of sugemalimab in gastric cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and lymphoma, so as to enable sugemalimab to benefit a broader population of cancer patients.”
The anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody sugemalimab was discovered by CStone using OmniRat® transgenic animal platform, which allows creation of fully human antibodies in one step. Sugemalimab is a fully human, full-length anti-PD-L1 immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) monoclonal antibody, which may allow a reduced the risk of immunogenicity and toxicity for patients, a unique advantage over similar drugs.
Currently, the NMPA of China has approved sugemalimab (Cejemly®) in combination with pemetrexed and carboplatin as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC, lacking EGFR and ALK genomic tumor aberrations; and in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC. In addition, sugemalimab is being investigated in a number of ongoing clinical trials, including one Phase 2 registrational study for lymphoma and four Phase 3 registrational studies in stage IV NSCLC, stage III NSCLC, gastric cancer, and esophageal cancer, respectively.
CStone formed a strategic collaboration agreement with Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) that includes the development and commercialization of sugemalimab in mainland China, and a framework to bring additional Oncology medicines to the Greater China market.
About the GEMSTONE-302 study
The GEMSTONE-302 study (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT03789604; drug clinical trial registration number: CTR20181452) is a randomized, double-blind Phase 3 study, designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy as a first-line treatment patients with stage IV NSCLC as compared to placebo in combination with chemotherapy. The primary endpoint of the study was investigator-assessed PFS. Secondary endpoints included OS, BICR-assessed PFS and safety.
In August 2020, the GEMSTONE-302 study met its primary endpoint of significantly prolonged PFS, with the risk of disease progression or death reduced by 50% with sugemalimab combined with chemotherapy, as compared to placebo combined with chemotherapy, as assessed by the independent data monitoring committee (iDMC) at the planned interim analysis. PFS data were presented in a Proffered Paper Oral Presentation (Late-Breaking Abstract) at the ESMO Asia 2020.
In July 2021, the final analysis of PFS from the GEMSTONE-302 study showed that sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy demonstrated further improvement in PFS, with the risk of disease progression or death reduced by 52%, together with a trend toward improved OS. Data were presented in a Mini Oral Presentation (Late-Breaking Abstract) at the IASLC 2021 World Conference on Lung Cancer. The results of the GEMSTONE-302 study were published in The Lancet Oncology in January 2022.
CStone Pharmaceuticals (HKEX: 2616) is a biopharmaceutical company focused on researching, developing, and commercializing innovative immuno-oncology and precision medicines to address the unmet medical needs of cancer patients in China and worldwide. Established in 2015, CStone has assembled a world-class management team with extensive experience in innovative drug development, clinical research, and commercialization. The company has built an oncology-focused pipeline of 15 drug candidates with a strategic emphasis on immuno-oncology combination therapies. Currently, CStone has received five drug approvals in Greater China, including three in Mainland China, one in Hong Kong, and one in Taiwan. CStone's vision is to become globally recognized as a world-renowned biopharmaceutical company by bringing innovative oncology therapies to cancer patients worldwide.
For more information about CStone, please visit: www.cstonepharma.com.
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